Automobile IndustryInternationalization > Internationalization of production by the automobile manufacturers

Production shares of the automobile manufacturers 2000 - 2014

Automakers' new tendencies internationalizing their production

The ten worldwide largest automobile countries.

October 19th, 2015 - How the worldwide ten largest automakers have been internationalizing their production, shows distinctively up in the comparison of the last fourteen years 2000 and 2014.1

 

Internationalization has reached a level that the half of the ten largest automakers are more producing in a country different from their homeland.

  • VOLKSWAGEN, on rank 2, produces more cars in China (36%) than in Germany (26%)
  • GM, rank 3, clearly manufactures more cars in China (37%) than in the US (22%)
    • Nissan, number 6, produces more cars in China than in its homeland Japan
    • Honda, on rank 6, lets more cars in the USA manufacture than in Japan
    • Suzuki, on place 9, makes more cars in India (42%) than in Japan (35%).

     

    The mutual penetration of the markets is a further tendency showing up in the internationalization of automobile production. While GM produces more cars in China than in the US itselves, the US have become the most important production location for Honda even ahead of Japan.

    Toyota - strong in countries outside the ten largest ones, in China muted

    In its homeland Japan production shares of Toyota dropped from 70% to 40%. Toyota's internationalization particularly shows up in production shares related to other countries, which more than doubled from 14% to 29%.


    Among these countries, not belonging to the ten largest ones, largest shares have Indonesia (7%), Thailand (7%) and France (2%).


    The production share in China remains with 9% relatively low due to political tensions between both countries.

    Worldwide productions shares of Toyota from 2000 to 2014.

    VOLKSWAGEN producing more cars in China than in Germany

    VOLKSWAGEN started very early in China with a production share of 6.2% in 2000, a value no competitor could meet that time. Fourteen years later this production shares was sextupled to 36% laying now over that of Germany.


    China has become for VOLKSWAGEN the most important market also in regard to sinking production portions in Brazil, Mexico and Spain.

    Worldwide productions shares of VW from 2000 to 2014.

    GM - only one fifth of the cars coming from the US

    In 2000 GM still produced over half of its motor vehicles in the USA.


    Fourteen years later more cars roll from the assembly belts
    in China than in the USA. GM shows a worldwide rising internationalization. An exception are the declining production shares in Germany and Spain.

    Worldwide productions shares of GM from 2000 to 2014.

    Hyundai - internationalization in 2000 still at zero

    Hyundai produced all cars in 2000 still in South Korea. This portion dropped from 100% to 45% in 2014, the main part of the manufacturing plants was internationalized with China at the top.

    Worldwide productions shares of Hyundai from 2000 to 2014.

    Ford – comprehensive internationalization

    Also Ford advanced the internationalization of its production. Production shares could be increased In the ten largest automobile countries, exceptions form only Spain and of course the USA, whose share dropped from 52% to 39%. China has become the most important international market also for Ford.


    Among „Others“ the largest production portions hold Turkey (4%), Thailand (3%) and Argentina (2%).

    Worldwide productions shares of Ford from 2000 to 2014.

    Nissan - intensified internationalization, now more cars in China than in Japan

    Nissan still produced over half of its automobiles in Japan in 2000. Fourteen years later there is only a sixth left and China has become with almost a quarter the most important market still ahead of Japan.  


    Among „Others“ belong mainly Great Britain and Russia.

    Worldwide productions shares of Nissan from 2000 to 2014.

    Fiat Chrysler - focused internationalization

    Before its association with Chrysler, Fiat produced at 78% in „other countries“. That concerned above all Italy (60%), Poland (11%) and Turkey (4%). The production share of Italy fell on 12% by 2014.


    „Other countries“ except Italy cover mainly Poland (5%) and Serbia (2%).


    The association with Chrysler led to a production portion of 35% in the USA. The production share in China is with 3% the lowest one of all ten leading automakers.


    Two further emphases of internationalization of production are Mexico and Canada.

    Worldwide productions shares of Fiat from 2000 to 2014.
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    Honda - the US became the most important production location

    Also Honda still produced in 2000 half of its automobiles in Japan. Since then the production portion in its homeland slipped to one-fifth. The US became the most important production location, China the second most important foreign market.  


    Among „other countries“ Indonesia and Thailand dominate.

    Worldwide productions shares of Honda from 2000 to 2014.

    Suzuki - India as most important production location

    Suzuki produced in India with a share of 42% more vehicles than in its homeland Japan (35%). Also China has become an important location for production.


    "Othe countries" concern mainly Indonesia and Hungary.

    Worldwide productions shares of Suzuki from 2000 to 2014.

    PSA - Internationalization in China and in smaller automobile countries

    PSA, which consists of Peugeot and Citroen, internationalized its production to China and Brazil.


    "Others" concern above all France (33%), Slovak Republic (9%) and Czech Republic (4%).

    Worldwide productions shares of PSA from 2000 to 2014.

    1 Briefly to the method of the following diagrams: If there is no production in one of the ten countries, the related countries are compressed under „Others“. All production shares collected result in 100% of the production of the manufacturer concerned.

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