Automobile IndustryInternationalization > Internationalization of automobile production

The market shares of the ten largest car countries 2022 to 2000

The dramatic internationalization of the locations of worldwide automobile production

The market shares of each country at the world automobile production have been dramatically changing in the last more than twenty years. The driving power of these changes is the internationalization of production.

Ten largest automobile countries.

Update June 5th, 2023 - The internationalization of the worldwide production locations has been becoming the main strategy of the ten largest automobile manufacturers since the end of the nineties.


Production takes place where highest profits are expected and for this purpose many factors must coincide.


Just to indicate are sales market and important subcontractors nearby, low labor costs, favorable logistics, communication and infrastructures, low taxes, subsidies as high as possible, investor friendly surrounding field, international capital market nearby and other more.

Another factor has been added: the internationalization of car production along the geopolitical rivalry of the U.S. against China since the aggressive policies of the Trump administration.


The internationalization of production caused a dramatic reorganization of the worldwide automobile industry’s production locations during the last more than twenty years.

In Brazil, China and India more cars are produced than in the USA, Japan, Germany, Spain and France

In 2000 the five countries USA, Japan, Germany, Spain and France produced still almost 60% of world-wide motor vehicle production.  Twentytwo years later this world market share was almost cut in half to 29.6%.


In 2000 scarcely 8% of the worldwide automobile production came from the three countries Brazil, China and India. Nineteen years later this share more than quintupled to 41.0%.


So more cars roll from the assembly belts in Brazil, China and India as together in the USA, Japan, Germany, Spain and France.

Internationalisierung der Automobilproduktion in Ländern von 2000 bis 2022.

In China, more cars are now produced than combined in the USA, Japan and Germany

China’s jump to the top of the worldwide automobile production is surely the most spectacular impact of the internationalization of production.

Market shares of the 10 largest automibile countries from 2000 to 2022 and their ranking.

China could ninefold its world market share within twenty years catapulting itself from rank eight on rank one.


In China more motor vehicles (31.8%) are now produced than combined in the USA, Japan,  Germany and South Korea (29.7%). Each third worldwide produced automobile is already manufactured in China.


India could quadruple its world market share, while Brazil's market share decreased slightly. Both countries did not still belong to the ten largest motor vehicle countries twenty years ago. Canada, France and Great Britain left this circle and were replaced by Brazil, India and Thailand.


At the same time the world market shares of the USA and Germany were cut in half during the twenty years. While in 2000 still each third automobile came from these countries, it is currently almost each sixth.

Internationalization of production – structurally, not cyclically caused

A view of the worldwide motor vehicle production shows a continuous growth with exception of the economic crises 2001 and 2008/2009, affecting the total industrial production. From 2018 to 2020 the global automobile production declined by 20.2% and therefore even more strongly than during the global world economic crisis of 2008/09 by 15.6%.

Index of the worldwide automobile production from 2000 to 2022.

So internationalization of production is structurally caused not cyclically.


Finally a remark to the term globalization. Globalization, however, already originated in the 15th century when the Spanish king Philipp II governed the first world realm of history. This global, i.e. worldwide realm reached from America over Europe up to Asia. Since then many national states as well as large enterprises have globally been active, there were colonialism, imperialism and two world wars.


So the new phenomenon is not globalization but internationalization of production in a worldwide interlaced network.