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Export structure of German machinery industry 2020

9% of the export countries taking 73% of the machine exports from Germany

The export of machines from Germany is not able to make any great leaps forward, of course, because the worldwide industrial production is coined by a mix of growth, stagnation and set backs. However, this current status of the economy is combined with a structural problem regarding the export markets of machines.

Update October 11th, 2021 - In 2020 the German machinery industry exported worldwide to 228 countries. But only 20 countries took almost three quarters of all exports of machines. To put it into percentages:

  • 9% of the export countries take 73% of the machine exports.


Analyzing these 20 countries it shows up that they are divided into two groups being symmetrical to each other.

Ten countries of the EU take almost 40% of all machine exports

39% of all exports of machines from Germany went to the EU countries in 2020. Sorting out those countries with the highest export shares of machines from Germany, 10 EU countries crystallize.


These 10 countries of the European Union raise alone 81% of the machine exports going from Germany to the EU.


These cited 10 European Union countries are in the order of their export shares in the year 2020: France (7.1%), Poland (4.6%), The Netherlands (4.5%), Italy (4.4%), UK (4.3%), Austria (4.2%), Czech Republic (3.0%), Spain (2.7%), Belgium (2.4%), and Hungary (2.2%).


At the same time these ten countries show a share of 39% at the worldwide exports of machines from Germany covering just 4% (exactly 4.4%) of all export countries.

The export structure of the German machinery industry 2020.

Ten countries outside of the EU ask for further 34% of all machine exports

The four BRIC countries Brazil, Russia, India and China form 2% of the export countries. These countries asked for 16% of all machine exports from Germany in 2020.


The four MIST countries Mexico, Indonesia, South Korea und Turkey constitute likewise 2% of the export countries with a share of 6% at the machine exports from Germany.


The two countries, the USA and Japan, stand for 1% of the export countries and a share of 12% at the machine exports from Germany.


Also these three groups add up to 10 countries with a share of 34% at the worldwide exports of machine from Germany.


So the export structure of the German mechanical engineering industry may be summarized in short:


  • 39% of the worldwide exported machines go from Germany to 10 EU countries (4.4% of all export countries) and further 34% of the exports take further 10 countries outside the EU.


The remaining, 27% of the exports, is distributed over 91% of all export countries, i.e. 208 countries.

Concentration of the export structure stable since world economic crisis

In 2008 the 20 countries covered 71% of all machine exports from Germany. This share stood at 73% three years later, dropped to 71% five years afterwards und has been at 73% since 2018.


So this highly concentrated export structure is basically stable since the world economic crisis 2008/2009. Likewise firmly high remains the risk as the weal and woe of Germany's machine export depends on twenty countries resp. 9% of its export countries.

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